Arthritis (joint inflammation) causes pain and stiffness in the joints. Usually, this condition worsens with age because it is most common from “wear and tear” on the joints. Underlying disease can be a cause of arthritis, with symptoms presenting as swelling, stiffness, pain, and the ability to move less than normal, or not have a full-range of motion.
This is an extremely common condition that can be managed but is not curable. As it is chronic, pain can come and go depending on many different factors. In severe cases, surgery is opted to reduce pain and improve quality of life. In milder cases, physical therapy and medications greatly aid eliminating pain.
Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common types of arthritis, with osteoarthritis being the breakdown of cartilage surrounding the joints. The loss of this tissue is what creates so much friction in the joins, leading to inflammation and pain. Rheumatoid arthritis is actually a disease in which the body’s own immune system attacks the lining of it’s joints. The latter of the two is hereditary and essentially makes you more susceptible to factors that trigger the condition.